Chapter 3 The Second Noble Truth : Samudaya ‘The Arising of Dukkha’

Chapter 3

The Second Noble Truth : Samudaya ‘The Arising of Dukkha’


  1. What is the Second Noble Truth?
  2. What are the three ‘thirst’ ( cravings) that give rise to all forms of dukkha/suffering?
  3. Even though this ‘thirst’, desire, greed, craving manifests in various ways that give rise to all forms of suffering and the continuity of beings it should not be taken as the first cause. Why?

4.What does ‘thirst’ (craving) have at its centre?

5.List desires that are included in the cause for ‘thirst’/craving.

6.What are the four nutriments necessary as the cause for the existence and continuity of beings?

7. What is ‘mental volition’?

8. In your own words explain what is being said on page 31.

9. What is the Buddhist definition of Karma?

10. Is there re-birth for an Arahant? Why or why not?

11. Explain the theory/law of Karma.

12.A being is nothing but a combination of physical and mental forces and energies. What we call death is the total non-functioning of the physical body.  Do all these forces and energies stop altogether with the non-functioning of the body?

13. What is it that takes some other shape and form, that is reborn, after the total non-functioning of the physical body?

14. What is it that conditions the so called next life’s first thought moment?

Conditioned Genesis ( paticca-samuppada) : Everything is interconnected. Everything affects everything else. Everything that is, is because other things are. This is the teaching of Dependent Origination.

This teaching has many names. It is called Interdependent Origination, or (Inter)dependent Arising, or Co-Arising, or variations thereof. It’s called Conditioned Genesis and Causal Nexus and many other things. It would be nice if English-speaking Buddhists could agree on a term, but so far we haven’t. The Sanskrit is Pratitya-samutpada. I’ve found the Pali name spelled Panicca-samuppada, Paticca-samuppada and Patichcha-samuppada.

Whatever it is called, Dependent Origination is a core teaching of all schools of Buddhism.

Also, things are the way they are because they are conditioned by other things. You are conditioned by other people and phenomena. Other people and phenomena are conditioned by you. Written by Barbara O’Brien

Brief description of the 12 links of Dependent Origination

The Buddha explained,

When this is, that is.

This arising, that arises.

When this is not, that is not.

This ceasing, that ceases.

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July 2020

"The gift of Dharma surpasses all gifts."
Dhammapada 354

"Giving, a Dharma life, caring for relatives, and blameless deeds: this is the greatest fortune."
Sn 263

"There are two kinds of gifts: a gift of material things and a gift of the Dharma. Of the two, the gift of Dharma is supreme."
Itivuttaka 98

"Directing one's mind to the states of faith, learning, generosity, and wisdom, one has a comfortable abiding.
Majjhima Nikaya 68.10

“Furthermore, Subhuti, in the practice of compassion and charity a disciple should be detached. That is to say, he should practice compassion and charity without regard to appearances, without regard to form, without regard to sound, smell, taste, touch, or any quality of any kind. Subhuti, this is how the disciple should practice compassion and charity. Why? Because practicing compassion and charity without attachment is the way to reaching the Highest Perfect Wisdom, it is the way to becoming a living Buddha”
-The Diamond Sutra

'What the Buddha Taught' by Rev. Dr. Walpola Rahula pdf

Bodhi Monastery's Webpage

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